What is Jacquard Fabric?

By Nitin Hariyani

What is Jacquard Fabric?

When it comes to fine fabrics jacquard has always been considered one of the best in the world. Kings and queens have worn in this fabric because of its luxuriousness and cost. But why? What is Jacquard Fabric?

What is Jacquard fabric

The Finesses behind the Name - Definition 

Jacquard is a kind of fabric invented by a French man Joseph Marie Jacquard using a new weaving technology in 1804. Jacquard fabric has delicate and intricately woven patterns. The pattern is not stamped onto the fabric, nor is it woven into the fabric as one would imagine. The designs on it could be anything like traditional art, animal or anything else. This is not the normal checks and squares you associated with woven patterns.

jacquard fabric

It is available in many styles and colors and is considered one of the highest quality fabrics used. It requires a special loom to make Jacquard, and the same loom can produce other fine fabrics such as brocade and damask.

The Loom is the Key

When answering the query what is jacquard fabric, it must be remembered that the jacquard loom weaves more rapidly as well efficient production of patterns.  The invention of this loom made this exquisite fabric cheaper and more affordable for the consumer. The secret of the loom is that used encoded punch cards that regulated the weaving process and made it more easily and made time after time. The jacquard loom was invented in 1801 by Joseph Marie Jacquard, and his loom was named after him as was the fabric is produced.

Jacquard Fabric Made of?

  • One type of Jacquard fabric is damask, which is typically made of silk, linen or cotton and has an elaborate, iridescent pattern woven in. Damask fabric is typically woven with only one color and is very fine. Brocade fabric is another type of Jacquard, which is heavier than damask.
  • These fine fabrics were once used in ball gowns for the royals, but as time went by the heavy material went out of favor. Today, you will find in in furniture coverings, drapes, and other ornamental objects.


High class and royal families liked the jacquard fabric. It was very famous in the 1800s. Its use showed the general population the wealth and splendor of the wearer and proclaimed it for the world to see. At that time, most common people wore homespun or other cheaper types of fabric in their clothing.

Today's industrial age and mechanization have decreased the value of this fine fabric because now we can make it faster, cheaper and less work-intensive. People of the upper-middle class could now afford this once exclusive material for the royalty.

Today, if you are looking for a unique and classic look, look for this type of fabric in anything from furniture coverings to draperies and even some clothing.  Jacquard fabric is still too pricey. More Bedding Tips Here.

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