Types of Fabrics

By Marketing Team

Types Of Fabrics

What is Fabric & Types of Fabrics : 2022

The word ‘textile' arises from the Latin word “textiles” which signifies ‘woven'. Fabric is a pliable substance constructed by the entwining web of fibers which can be natural as well as an artificial set of filaments. However, globalization has made different types of fabrics readily available.

Textile Industry:

The Textile Fabrications essentially deal in design, manufacturing, and dispersal of yarn, cloth, and clothing. The unprocessed matter used in these fabrications is either be natural or synthetic.

Classification of Different Types of Fibers :

On the basis of its origin: Different Types of Fabrics which are natural as well as synthetic fibers through which cloth is entwined.

  1. Natural Fibers: Filaments obtained from plants and several other physiographical phenomena are titled as natural fibers. Example: cotton and jute from plants, silk from silkworms.
  2. Synthetic Fibers: Are devised wholly from synthetic matter such as petrochemicals, dissimilar to those built by man procured from natural matter such as polyose or protein.

Types of Fabrics

Types of Fabrics / Textiles:-

Fabrics constructed from natural fibers:-

  1. Cotton: Cotton is a flimsy and mushy fiber that develops along with the seeds of the cotton plant. The cotton thread post extracting is spun into cloth later. The cloth can be utilized to spin and build clothes for individuals and can be used for several additional purposes. People frequently wear cotton made attires, especially in scorching weather. Objects like bandages are usually constructed with the help of cotton filaments. Cotton is a supreme material that can be utilized for needlework projects and for producing flimsy outfits, such as button-up shirts, bedspread, Bedding Sheets, hosiery garments, dresses, t-shirts and many more, however, it may not be applicable in case of heavy-duty stitch crafting.Cotton Fabric
  2. Denim: Denim is an intense and well-built material authentically built from cotton wrap yarn and white cotton stuffing yarn. These two yarns are notably entwined to produce a web-like twill weave, for strengthening the matter. Although it's essentially utilized to design jeans, jackets, dresses, and dungarees, denim can also be utilized to mold accessories and is even used to coat furniture for a non-traditional home décor style. Earlier, denim was genuinely dyed in indigo color to develop jeans.Denim Fabric
  3. Silk: Silk is one of the categories of types of fabrics which is constructed from an organic protein filament. The protein fiber of silk largely constitutes fibroin, which is widely produced from the cocoons of larvae of the Mulberry Silkworms. These worms have been familiar and used in China, South Asia, and Europe since ancient eras. Silk is dissimilar from plenty of faux fibers, silk has a mushy, smooth and anti-skid surface. Although it's one of the sturdiest natural filaments, it has low resilience and can lose its firmness with time. The alluring gleam of this fabric makes it perfect for shirts, ties, suits, formal dresses, lingerie, robes, bedding and much more.Silk Fabric

Fabrics constructed from synthetic fibers: -

  1. Rayon: Fibre fabricated from revitalized polyose filament. It lies in the category of versatile types of fabrics which is often used to substitute fibers such as silk, linen, wool, and cotton in clothing as it can emulate the texture and feel of natural fibers. Rayon is fabricated by naturally prevailing polymers. That is why rayon is well known as semi-synthetic fiber. Rayon has an exceedingly low flexible recuperation and fails at insulating heat, so it's best to utilize this textile while stitching outfits to wear in scorching weather.Rayon Fabric
  2. Felt: Felt is a textile material that is produced by entangling, precipitating and compressing filaments together. It can be constructed from natural fibers such as wool or animal fur, or synthetic fibers such as petroleum-based acrylic or acrylonitrile or wood pulp-based rayon. Felt from wool is marked to be one of the formerly recognized categories lying under types of fabrics. Diversifying in thickness, opacity, and mushiness, felt doesn't wear-off when cut, so is usually used in swift and easeful craft projects, such as making decorations to sway around the home, teddies, eccentric hats, and also utilized in kids craft.Felt Fabric
  3. Velvet: Velvet is Constructed from either natural or synthetic fibers. It is an entwined filament with a dense stack that has an eccentric, distinguished, smooth and mushy feel. As it has an opulent finishing and magnificent advent. Velvet was authentically used to make grandiose wall hangings and regal robes. However today, it's more routinely used to make clothing, cushions, home décor items, and to border storage boxesVelvet Fabric

The question arises, Out of the two types of fabrics which one is better? Natural or Synthetic? Both types of fabrics have a fair amount of advantages and disadvantages. Along with the environmental impact, the decision is narrowed down to a few simple factors. One can draw the base of their conclusion depending on their skin sensitivity and specific comfort preference for the unit of clothing. This is again a matter of one's choice, preference and of course the purpose.

List of 25 Different types of fabrics and their properties 

List of Types of Fabrics

Most Popular & Stylish Different Types of Fabrics are as follows:

  1. Cotton Fabric: Cotton is a purely natural fiber that is extracted from cotton plants. Cotton is grown mostly in hot regions, the cotton bolls are white, fluffy as well as soft and the farmers pick them with their hands. It's a fact that natural fabric is always better than synthetic fabric and that's why most people prefer cotton clothing. Apart from this, there are different types of cotton like Pima cotton, Egyptian and Sea island cotton etc. Whether its  apparel like shirts, pants, dresses, or bedding like bed sheets, pillows, comforters, all these can be made with cotton. This fabric makes the cloth more smooth, long-lasting, comfortable to wear. 
  2. Velvet Fabric: Velvet is a shiny and smooth-to-touch fabric; it is made in  the pile weave of silk, rayon, and synthetic fibers. Silk velvet is most popular and is textured from the blend of rayon and silk. Generally, velvet is made  with a fusion of cotton and polyester. Velvet clothing is very expensive because it takes much time to produce velvet-made clothes. Silk velvet is most popular and is also expensive which is made from blend of rayon and silk.  Chiffon velvet, crushed velvet, embossed velvet, hammered velvet, ponson velvet, plain velvet are some of the velvet types.
  3. Jersey Fabric: Jersey fabric can be called synthetic, natural, and man-  made as it can be made from cotton, polyester, wool, and viscose. It is a  knitted and stretchable fabric with soft-to-touch quality. Jersey is softer and single knit cotton fabric. Jersey is not only used to make shirts but is also used for making bedding sheets. Cotton jersey sheets are breathable and great for children’s bedding.
  4. Silk Fabric: Silk is considered a natural protein fiber as it is produced by  silkworms. Most of the insects produces silk but for textile industry, the silk of moth caterpillars is used, as this silk is appropriate for clothing. Mulberry silk, Tasar silk, and Eri silk are some types of silk; the silk-made clothing looks royal and is smooth and slippery. Mulberry silk is most popular as it is the highest quality silk. Silk make the clothing so elegant that women love to wear silk saree.
  5. Wool Fabric: The fiber from the floccus of a sheep or the hair of an Angora  or cashmere goat is called wool. It is a natural, crimp, elastic, and fire- resistant fabric. Wool clothes hold heat well that's why it is best for winter wear, like jackets, sweaters, coats, etc. The different types of wool fabric include Shetland, mohair, merino, Melton, angora, alpaca and many more.
  6. Denim Fabric: Denim is the most commonly worn fabric Denim is dyed before weaving and is mill-finished; Denim fabric is all cotton; it is so much durable because of its twill weave. Denim jackets and jeans remain in trend all the time, people love to wear clothes made of this type of fabric. Indigo denim, crushed denim, Sanforized denim, raw denim is the different types of denim; all of which have qualities of their own.
  7. Satin Fabric: Satin is a type of weave which is made using filament fibers like polyester, silk and nylon. Satin can be made from silk, thus natural and synthetic fibers both can be used for manufacturing it. This type of fabric has an ultimate lustrous and soft face side. Satin fabric remains in high demand as evening gowns, wedding dresses, interior furnishing fabrics, and bedding are made using it. Satin is such a graceful and glossy fabric.
  8. Jacquard Fabric: Jacquard fabric means any type of pattern which is directly woven into the material rather than being printed or embroidered. This is a textured fabric and made with cotton, silk or wool, etc. It is an ultra – durable fabric but because of its heavy weight and high cost, it is not used in casual clothes. The manufacturers use jacquard to make formal clothes like evening gowns and men’s suit. Apart from this jacquard is a desirable fabric in texturing of furniture upholstery, drapes and duvets.
  9. Linen Fabric: Linen fabric is made from fine fibers extracted from the flax plant. It is a natural fiber and the best fabric when it comes to bedding; however manufacturing linen takes much time as compare to cotton. But linen has its own unique qualities which makes it a desirable fabric. It is lightweight and the strongest fabric. Bed sheets, pillowcases, shirts, pants, dresses, napkins, night gowns, blazers, table cloths, etc are made using linen.
  10. Rayon Fabric: Rayon is made with natural material like bamboo; it also undergoes a chemical process that’s why it is considered a semi-synthetic fiber. Right from dresses to bed sheets all the clothing can be made from rayon fabric. Rayon is a cheaper fabric that is why many manufacturers use rayon for manufacturing clothes and the quality of rayon is same as natural fibers. Rayon clothing is highly absorbent, breathable, durable, and smooth.
  11. Chiffon Fabric: Chiffon can be made from nylon, polyester, silk, and cotton. A weaving process produces a plain weave fabric that has a slight shine which is called chiffon. It is a smooth, strong, and see-through fabric. For adding luxuriousness to the wedding dresses, evening dresses, the chiffon fabric is mostly used. In addition to that sheer curtains for home decor, traditional Indian dresses are made with this fabric.
  12. Chenille Fabric: Chenille fabric is a cloth material which is popular for chairs, pillows, couches and is the main accessory in home decor. This type of fabric is used in texturing cozy bedding like comforters, decorative pillows. This fabric is woven tighter and remains durable for a long time. This type of fabric is fuzzy, long lasting and shiny.
  13. Baize Fabric: Baize is a woven fabric which is used in industries and decorative purposes like a cover for gaming tables or casino, cover for cushions etc. Baize fabric is synthetic in nature. It is made from woven strands of wool and is a strong fabric.
  14. Charmeuse Fabric: Charmeuse Fabric is woven from the satin weave. It is the best fabric for making drapery clothing like nightwear or evening dresses. This type of fabric is made from rayon, silk, polyester, and blended fibers. Charmeuse fabric seems shiny from front but dull from back side, the use of this fabric is more in bedding rather than in apparel and it is a heavy weight fabric.
  15. Cheviot Fabric: Cheviot is a woolen fabric made from the wool of Cheviot sheep.  It is a mid weight fabric that looks glossy and bright. Sweaters, jackets, socks are made from this fabric because of its soft, flexible, and finest qualities.
  16. Dimity Fabric: Dimity Fabric is textured with cotton yarn; this is a strong fabric with stripes. It has a unique texture that is used in the manufacturing of figured clothes for women. Generally, we can say that dimity is a lady's dress fabric; this fabric is lightweight.
  17. Drill Fabric: Drill is a durable cotton fabric that has a white base. It is woven tightly which makes this fabric more durable, it is used mostly in manufacturing clothing like khaki, school uniforms and other than this shirts, jackets, sportswear are also made with this fabric.
  18. Felt Fabric: Felt fabric is prepared by matting, condensing, and pressing fibers together. This fabric can be made by natural fibers like wool or synthetic fibers like rayon. Felt has a variety of uses such as for clothing, shoes, decorations, rugs, etc. Felt is a durable, thicker, inexpensive, warm and versatile fabric. There are different kinds of felt fabric such as pressed felt, needled felt and woven felt.
  19. Twill Fabric: Twill is a versatile fabric used for jeans, furniture coverings, bags, etc. This fabric can be identified easily as its weave has diagonal lines. Cotton and polyester fibers are mostly used for twill's weave. Both the front and back side of twill is same, this fabric can be made in higher thread count that’s why bed sheets are mostly made with it. Natural twill, synthetic twill, zigzag twill, broken twill, diamond twill are some of the types of twill fabric.
  20. Poplin Fabric: Poplin is a plain weave cotton fabric. Due to its qualities of elegance, lustrous and durability, women’s dresses are made most with this type of fabric. It can be said that poplin is a stylish and versatile fabric. Embroidering on poplin is very famous as it is easier to work with this fabric; some qualities of poplin fabric are – durable, soft to touch, comfortable, lightweight, lustrous etc.
  21. Georgette Fabric: Georgette fabric can be made from silk, rayon, viscose, and polyester. It is a sheer and light weight fabric Pure Georgette is textured with silk only while the faux georgette is textured with rayon and polyester; this lightweight and delicate fabric is used for the manufacturing of evening dresses, sarees. This fabric is expensive yet royal.
  22. Sateen Fabric: Sateen fabric is textured using the satin weave and spun yarns. Satin-made clothing is soft, luxurious, and silky; this fabric is skin-friendly and is mostly used for making bed sheets.
  23. Lycra Fabric: Lycra is a highly elastic synthetic fabric that is also called spandex and elastane. Lycra is breathable, smooth, wrinkle – resistant and moisture absorbent.  It is used in clothing which is of shape fitting. Sportswear, dance wear, athletic wear and leggings are made using it.
  24. Lace Fabric: The lace is an open knit fabric made by twisting, looping or knitting threads in a pattern. It is a sheer fabric and lace can be heavy or lightweight according to its type. Cotton, polyester, rayon, nylon, and their blend are used for making lace. This fabric is used most in bridal wear and designer dresses, the more lace a bridal dress has, the more beautiful that dress is considered. 
  25. Jute Fabric: Jute fabric is natural fiber made from jute plant. There is no doubt that jute is a strong, and long lasting fabric but it is also rough that is why it is used only in carpets, rugs, and furniture covers rather than apparel. This fabric is world’s most inexpensive textile. There are various types of jute, tossa jute, white jute, mesta jute and so on.

    These different "types of fabric" help you to select your favorite fabric that feels you relax comfortably and makes you stylish. These fabrics have their own property which makes you understand its Nature and How you keep carrying for that Fabric. Have a read at our latest blog, December Colors.

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    8 comments

    • Hi,
      Now I start knowing fabric .
      Please help me.

    • @ R H, Canvas is either made from plain woven cotton or linen.

    • Cotton is my favorite its very comfortable because it breathes well.

    • Good day
      What type of fabric category is “canvas” in?
      Canvas for tents, awnings, OR outdoor coverings.
      Canvas colour can be any colour that the canvas accepts as a dye material.
      Normally the canvas colour is a light brown.
      Thank you
      RH

    • Corduroy makes me want to puke

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